一线口语E2say

2016-2-26 17:34:38

盘点那些有“中国特色”名词的英文表达,你知道多少呢?

要想学好英语,当然更要学好中文啦,一起来看看最具中国特色的英语词汇吧~一起看看吧~

1、中国意念词(Chinesenesses)

  八卦 trigram

  阴、阳 yin, yang

  道 Dao(cf. logo)

  江湖(世界) the jianghu World (the traits’ world)

  e.g. You can’t control everything in a traits’ world. (人在江湖,身不由己)

  道 Daoism(Taoism)

  上火 excessive internal heat

  儒学 Confucianism

  红学(《红楼梦》研究) redology

  世外桃源 Shangri-la or Arcadia

  开放 kaifang (Chinese openness to the outside world)

  大锅饭 getting an equal share regardless of the work done

  不搞一刀切 no imposing uniformity on …

  合乎国情,顺乎民意 to conform with the national conditions and the will of the people

  乱摊派,乱收费 imposition of arbitrary quotas and service charge

  铁交椅 iron (lifetime) post’s; guaranteed leading post

   脱贫 to shake off poverty; anti-poverty

  治则兴,乱则衰 Order leads to prosperity and chaos to decline

2、中华民族的喜庆节日(Chinese Festivial)

  国庆节 National Day

  中秋节 Mid-Autumn Festival

  春节 Spring Festival

  元宵节 Lantern Festival

  儿童节 Children’s Day

  端午节 Dragon Boat Festival

   妇女节 Women’s Day

  泼水节 Water-Splashing Day

  教师节 Teachers’ Day

  五四青年节 Youth Day

3、中国独特的传统饮食(Unique Traditional Chinese Foods)

  馄饨 wonton

   锅贴 guotie (fried jiaozi)

  花卷 steamed twisted rolls

  套餐 set meal

  盒饭 box lunch; Chinese take-away

  米豆腐 rice tofu

  魔芋豆腐 konjak tofu

  米粉 rice noodles

  冰糖葫芦 a stick of sugar-coated haws (or apples,etc.)

  火锅 chafing dish

  八宝饭 eight-treasure rice pudding

  粉丝 glass noodles

  豆腐脑 jellied bean curd

4、中国新兴事物(Newly Sprouted Things)

  中国电信 China Telecom

  中国移动 China Mobile

  十五计划 the 10th Five-Year Plan

  中国电脑联网 Chinanet

  三峡工程 the Three Gorges Project

  希望工程 Project Hope

   京九铁路 Beijing CKowloon Railway

  扶贫工程 Anti-Poverty Project

  菜篮子工程 Vegetable Basket Project

  温饱工程 Decent-Life Project

  安居工程 Economy Housing Project

  扫黄 Porn-Purging Campaign

  西部大开发 Go-West Campaign

5、特有的一些汉语词汇

  禅宗 Zen Buddhism

  禅 dhyana; dhgaya

  混沌 chaos

  道 Daosim, the way and its power

  无常 anity

  五行说 Theory of Five Elements

  无我 anatman

  坐禅 metta or transcendental meditation

   空 sunyata

  虚无 nothingness

  双喜 double happiness(中),a doubled stroke of luck(英)

  小品 witty skits

  相声 cross-talk

  噱头;掉包袱 gimmick, stunt

  夜猫子 night people; night-owls

  本命年 this animal year of sb.

  处世之道 philosophy of life

  姻缘 yinyuan(prefixed fate of marriage)

  还愿 redeem a wish (vows)


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