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2014-7-18 13:45:50

万圣节用英语怎么说

  万圣夜(Halloween)(又叫鬼节,万圣节前夜)在每年的10月31日,是英语世界的传统节日,主要流行于北美、不列颠群岛、澳大利亚、加拿大和新西兰。当晚小孩会穿上化妆服,戴上面具,挨家挨户收集糖果。华语地区常将万圣夜误称为万圣节。

  万圣夜英文称之“Halloween”,为“All Hallow Eve”的缩写,是指万圣节(All Hallow’s Day)的前夜,类似于圣诞夜被称为“Christmas Eve”。“Hallow”来源于中古英语halwen,与holy词源很接近,在苏格兰和加拿大的某些区域,万圣节仍然被称为“All Hallow Mas”,意思是在纪念所有的圣人(Hallow)那一天,要举行的弥撒仪式(Mass)。

  万圣夜通常与灵异的事物联系起来。欧洲传统上认为万圣节是鬼魂世界最接近人间的时间,这传说与中国的盂兰节类似。美国明尼苏达州的Anoka号称是“世界万圣节之都”,每年都举行大型的巡游庆祝。

  万圣节习俗

  10月31日是西洋万圣节前夕,美国的街上四处可见精彩的现场表演、戏台上演的幻觉魔术、逼真的游尸和鬼魂,及各种恐怖电影的放映。

  到了晚上,便赶紧将蜘蛛丝架起来,再帮负责吓人的演员上妆。鬼屋的内容,则大多与电影主题有关,如:神鬼传奇、星际传奇、鬼故事…这些场景的布置、化妆技术和戏服,有如真的情境,一不留神,肯定令人惊声尖叫。

  这场嘉年华盛会的由来是在公元前五百年时,居住在爱尔兰、苏格兰等地的人们相信,往生人的亡魂会在10月31日这一天回到生前所居住的地方,并在活人的身上找寻生灵,以获得再生的机会。当地居民因为担心鬼魂来夺取自己的生命,故当10月31日到来时,会将所有灯光熄掉,使得鬼魂无法找寻到活人,并打扮成妖魔鬼怪以将鬼魂吓走。

  随着时间的流逝,万圣节的意义逐变得含有喜庆的意味。因此现在象征万圣节的妖怪及图画,都变成了可爱又古灵精怪的模样,如番瓜妖怪、巫婆等。喜爱发挥创意的美国人,在这一天则极尽所能的将自己打扮得鬼模鬼样,让鬼节变得趣味多了。

  在西方国家,每年的10月31日,有个“Halloween”,辞典解释为“The eve of All Saints’Day”,中文译作:“万圣节之夜”。万圣节是西方国家的传统节日。这一夜是一年中最“闹鬼”的一夜,所以也叫“鬼节”。

  很多民族都在万圣节前夜有庆典聚会,这又被叫做“All Hallow E’en”、“The Eve of All Hallows”、“Hallow e’en”,或者“The eve of All Saintas’Day”。最终约定俗成演变成了“Halloween”,中文意译成了万圣节之夜。

  西方节日,在每年的11月1日,10月31日是万圣节前夕。通常叫做万圣节前夜(万圣夜)。每当万圣夜到来,孩子们都会迫不及待地穿上五颜六色的化妆服,戴上千奇百怪的面具,提着一盏“杰克灯”走家窜户,向大人们索要节日的礼物。万圣节最广为人知的象征也正是这两样——奇异的“杰克灯”和“不给糖就捣乱”的恶作剧。另外还有美国同名电影。

  万圣节英语介绍

  Halloween

  Halloween is an autumn holiday that Americans celebrate every year. It means "holy evening," and it comes every October 31, the evening before All Saints’ Day. However, it is not really a church holiday, it is a holiday for children mainly.

  Every autumn, when the vegetables are ready to eat, children pick large orange pumpkins. Then they cut faces in the pumpkins and put a burning candle inside. It looks as if there were a person looking out of the pumpkin! These lights are called jack-o’-lanterns, which means "Jack of the lantern".

  The children also put on strange masks and frightening costumes every Halloween. Some children paint their faces to look like monsters. Then they carry boxes or bags from house to house. Every time they come to a new house, they say,"Trick or treat! Money or eat!" The grown-ups put treat-money or candy in their bags.

  Not only children, but most grown-ups also love Halloween and Halloween parties because on this day,they can disguise themselves as personages or ghost as their imaginations will lead them. This bring them the satisfaction of being young.

  万圣节前夕

  万圣节前夕是美国人年年都会庆祝的秋季节日。它的意思是“神圣的夜晚”,在每年的10月31日,也就是万圣节前夜。但实际上这不是一个真正的宗教节日,而主要是孩子们的节日。

  每年秋天蔬菜成熟可以食用的时候,孩子们就会挑出大个儿的橙色南瓜。然后在南瓜上刻上一张脸,把一根点燃的蜡烛放在里面。看起来就好像有人在向南瓜外面张望。这些灯就叫做“iack-o’-lantems”,意思也就是“杰克的灯”。

  每年万圣节前夕孩子们还戴上奇怪的面具,穿上吓人的服装。有些孩子把脸刷成怪物。然后他们拿着盒子或袋子挨家挨户串门。每来到一个新房子他们就说:“不款待就捣乱!给钱还是吃的!”大人们就会把用来招待的钱或糖放在他们的袋子里了。

  不仅孩子,许多成年人也喜欢万圣节前夕和万圣节前夕晚会。因为这一天他们可以根据自己的想象把自己装扮成名流或幽灵。这会带给他们年轻的快感。

  Halloween is an observance celebrated on the night of October 31, most notably by children dressing in costumes and going door-to-door collecting candy. It is celebrated in much of the Western world, though most common in the United States, Puerto Rico, Republic of Ireland, the United Kingdom, Canada, and with increasing popularity in Australia and New Zealand. Halloween originated in Ireland as the pagan Celtic harvest festival, Samhain. Irish, Scots and other immigrants brought older versions of the tradition to North America in the 19th century. Most other Western countries have embraced Halloween as a part of American pop culture in the late 20th century。

  The term Halloween, and its older spelling Hallowe’en, is shortened from All-hallow-even, as it is the evening before "All Hallows Day"[1] (also known as "All Saints’ Day"). In Ireland, the name was All Hallows Eve and this name is still used by some older people. Halloween was also sometimes called All Saints’ Eve. The holiday was a day of religious festivities in various northern European pagan traditions, until it was appropriated by Christian missionaries and given a Christian interpretation. In Mexico November 1st and 2nd are celebrated as the "Dia de Los Muertos" Day of the Dead. Halloween is also called Pooky Night in some parts of Ireland, presumably named after the púca, a mischievous spirit. In Australia it is sometimes referred to as "mischief night", by locals。

  Halloween is sometimes associated with the occult. Many European cultural traditions hold that Halloween is one of the liminal times of the year when the spiritual world can make contact with the physical world and when magic is most potent (e.g. Catalan mythology about witches)。

  Halloween is an annual celebration, but just what is it actually a celebration of? And how did this peculiar custom originate? Is it, as some claim, a kind of demon worship? Or is it just a harmless vestige of some ancient pagan ritual?

  The word itself, "Halloween," actually has its origins in the Catholic Church. It comes from a contracted corruption of All Hallows Eve. November 1, "All Hollows Day" (or "All Saints Day"), is a Catholic day of observance in honor of saints. But, in the 5th century BC, in Celtic Ireland, summer officially ended on October 31. The holiday was called Samhain (sow-en), the Celtic New year。

  One story says that, on that day, the disembodied spirits of all those who had died throughout the preceding year would come back in search of living bodies to possess for the next year. It was believed to be their only hope for the afterlife. The Celts believed all laws of space and time were suspended during this time, allowing the spirit world to intermingle with the living。

  Naturally, the still-living did not want to be possessed. So on the night of October 31, villagers would extinguish the fires in their homes, to make them cold and undesirable. They would then dress up in all manner of ghoulish costumes and noisily paraded around the neighborhood, being as destructive as possible in order to frighten away spirits looking for bodies to possess。

  Probably a better explanation of why the Celts extinguished their fires was not to discourage spirit possession, but so that all the Celtic tribes could relight their fires from a common source, the Druidic fire that was kept burning in the Middle of Ireland, at Usinach。

  Some accounts tell of how the Celts would burn someone at the stake who was thought to have already been possessed, as sort of a lesson to the spirits. Other accounts of Celtic history debunk these stories as myth。

  The Romans adopted the Celtic practices as their own. But in the first century AD, Samhain was assimilated into celebrations of some of the other Roman traditions that took place in October, such as their day to honor Pomona, the Roman goddess of fruit and trees. The symbol of Pomona is the apple, which might explain the origin of our modern tradition of bobbing for apples on Halloween。

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