2017-9-18 15:50:8

雅思词汇之“九一八事变”

今天是九一八事变86周年,九一八事变(又称奉天事变、柳条湖事件)是日本在中国东北蓄意制造并发动的一场侵华战争,是日本帝国主义侵华的开端。“九一八事变”是日本帝国主义长期以来推行对华侵略扩张政策的必然的结果,也是企图把中国变为其独占的殖民地而采取的重要步骤。它同时标志着世界反法西斯战争的开始,揭开了第二次世界大战东方战场的序幕。那么关于“九一八事变”都什么相关的雅思词汇呢?我们一起学习一下。


The Mukden Incident, or Manchurian Incident, was a staged event engineered by rogue Japanese military personnel as a pretext for the Japanese invasion in 1931 of northeastern China, known as Manchuria

On September 18, 1931, Lt. Suemori Kawamoto detonated a small quantity of dynamite close to a railway line owned by Japan's South Manchuria Railway near Mukden (now Shenyang).The explosion was so weak that it failed to destroy the track and a train passed over it minutes later, but the Imperial Japanese Army accused Chinese dissidents of the act and responded with a full invasion that led to the occupation of Manchuria, in which Japan established its puppet state of Manchukuo six months later. The ruse of war was soon exposed to the international community, leading Japan to diplomatic isolation and its March 1933 withdrawal from the League of Nations.

The bombing act is known as the "Liutiaohu Incident" (simplified Chinese: 柳条湖事变; traditional Chinese: 柳條湖事變; pinyin: Liǔtiáohú Shìbiàn, Japanese: 柳条湖事件, Ryūjōko-jiken), and the entire episode of events is known in Japan as the "Manchurian Incident" (Kyūjitai: 滿洲事變, Shinjitai: 満州事変, Manshū-jihen) and in China as the "September 18 Incident" (simplified Chinese: 九一八事变; traditional Chinese: 九一八事變; pinyin: Jiǔyībā Shìbiàn).


九一八事变又称(沈阳事变) The Mukden Incident

柳条湖事件 Liutiaohu Incident

借口:pretext

中国抗日战争Second Sino-Japanese War

卢沟桥事变Lugou Bridge Incident;

中华民国Republic of China;

抗战War of resistance;

东北军:Northeastern Army;

日本关东军the Kwantung army;

不抵抗:Nonresistance

勿忘国耻 never forget the national humiliation[hju:'m?l?'e??n]

八路军the eighth route army;

新四军The new fourth army

八年抗战 Eight years'war of resistance;

国民党 Kuomintang、KMT或Chinese Nationalist Party;

卢沟桥事变Marco Polo Bridge Incident(马可波罗桥事变);

全面战争full-scale war;

游击战guerrilla warfare;

地面战ground war


历史无情,人民有情。那些中华民族的罪人永远被钉在历史的耻辱柱上,那些民族英雄革命先烈永远活在人民的心中。面对历史,让我们在这里深思:屈辱的不是贫穷,而是自甘落后的卑躬屈膝,悲壮的抗战才是自强自立的开始。不能忘记,把“九一八”刻在心里。当然,我们在铭记历史的时候,也要顺便提升一下自己的英语水平。


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